The saltwater garage is one of the most popular solutions of folk medicine in a painful and sore throat . But is there any scientific evidence behind the claims about its benefits or is it relying on a strong placebo effect ?
It turns out that this is another home-made medical recipe, the effectiveness of which we must have full confidence of our grandmothers.
Clinical trials fully validate the efficacy of a salt water garage as a method to relieve inflammation and sore throat. Data show that thawing the throat with highly salted water 3 times a day helps to reduce the infection by at least 40% within 2-3 days.
This performance allows the saltwater garage to be used as an adjunct in the treatment of upper respiratory tract infections – both viral and bacterial. Along with relieving infection and inflammation, salt water also helps to reduce pain syndrome to a barely perceptible discomfort when swallowed.
Where does the positive effect of a salt water gargle come from a sore throat?The positive effect of salt water on reducing inflammation is explained by a simple chemical process – osmosis . The high salt concentration in the water literally sucks the water content of the infected epithelial cells from the lining of the throat.
Inflammation of the throat is provoked by bacteria or viruses settled on the mucous epithelium and the infection they cause. It leads to swelling of the mucous membrane with accumulation of water in it. Swelling of the inflamed mucosa around the throat is a major cause of swallowing pain . By sucking the water out of it, the saltwater garage helps to quickly reduce the swelling and hence the pain. And that’s not all.
The high salt concentration in the solution destroys most of the pathogenic microorganisms inhabiting the throat. Underlying this effect is the osmosis process. Bacteria and viruses are severely dehydrated and die quickly, and the gargle helps to remove them from the lining and remove them from the upper respiratory tract.
To make a quality gargle saline solution at a sore throat, a teaspoon of salt can be dissolved in a glass of water. It is recommended that it be made at least 3 times a day. In addition, it is desirable to drink plenty of fluids to maintain the normal hydration of the body .
The method is effective and safe for administration in both adults and children.
It is important to note that this folk medicine should not be used as a self-contained method for controlling exacerbated and continuing over 2-3 days of respiratory infections . In such cases, relief should be sought with stronger antibacterial or anti-viral and anti-inflammatory agents.