The aphthous or aphthatic stomatitis is a disease of the oral cavity resulting in the formation of wounds. These are local inflammation, accompanied by pain, redness and swelling.
Removing the cause of the aphthous is the most important aspect of the treatment of the aphthous. Reasons may be stress, low immune protection, poor oral hygiene, spoiled foods, and so on.
According to some specialists, aphthas are a self-limiting disease. All we have to do is wash the oral cavity with antiseptic solutions until the ulcers disappear. Such are mouthwashes containing chlorhexidine or other antiseptic. Also suitable are rinsing with decoction of sumac. The contained tanning substances and tannins have an indispensable bactericidal and antimicrobial effect.
Medicinal treatment of aphtha includes the use of anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial drugs included in the composition of gels and creams.
One of the most popular products for treating aphtha is a combination of three ingredients: Oleandomycin , Dexametasone and Indometacin .
Oleandomycin is an antibiotic that inhibits the development of a bacterial infection. Dexametasone is a corticosteroid, it has a powerful anti-inflammatory effect. Indometacin is from the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory family, it has an analgesic effect.
A small amount of ointment is applied to the aphtha after pre-cleaning. Fluid and food intake one hour after application is not recommended in order to provide enough time for the ingredients to have their effect.
Unground treatment should not exceed 7 days. Prolonged use of the corticosteroid may mask an adjacent infectious process. This also avoids the appearance of side effects .
Frequent use is also not recommended due to the risk of developing antibiotic resistance.